Eighteen-year-old Victoria Chacón spent much of this past winter and spring learning to shoot an M4 rifle and disarm a knife-wielding attacker. She also studied immigration history and law, camped in the mountains, and put on boxing gloves and sparred. Chacón was one of 18 kids from Nogales, Arizona, between the ages of 14 and 20 enrolled in the Border Patrol’s Explorer Program. The daughter of a Border Patrol agent, Chacón had known for years that she wanted to join the program. “My dad would tell work stories,” she says. The Border Patrol started the Explorer Program in 1973, modeling it on a Boy Scouts curriculum. According to Lenny Queriapa, the 30-year-old agent in charge of the Nogales Explorers, the academy is designed to teach each student to “become a good American citizen.” The program also doubles as a recruitment tool for the agency. “If they do want to go into law enforcement,” Queriapa says, “it’s an easy way to get a foot in the door.” Since Queriapa took over the Nogales program in 2012, he’s had students go into the local sheriff’s department and all branches of the military. So far, no one has joined the Border Patrol. “We have a couple studying astronomy,” he says. “One became a priest.”
Javier Velasquez carries another Explorer during a hike near the Arizona-Mexico border.Credit: Sarah Blesener
Group pushups in the parking lot of a Border Patrol post in Nogales, Ariz. Credit: Sarah Blesener
On the first day, Explorers study immigration law and the history of the Border Patrol.Credit: Sarah Blesener
Victoria Chacón performs pull-ups the second morning of her training.Credit: Sarah Blesener
Border Patrol work is a complicated affair for Mexican American families, bringing with it questions of allegiance and identity, as photographer Sarah Blesener discovered while spending time with Explorers in Nogales and in Kingsville, Texas, this past June. One image that stuck with her was of students walking along the U.S.-Mexico border for hours with a heavy kettlebell in one hand in the searing heat. “Almost all of them had immigrated with families, or their parents had come themselves,” Blesener says. Chacón, like most of her peers, has family in both Mexico and the U.S. Her father was born in Los Angeles; her mother, in Chihuahua. Spending time with her Mexican relatives and with friends in Nogales who have family across the border, Chacón became accustomed to jokes about “la migra.” Like others in the Explorer Program, she recognizes that Border Patrol work, though dangerous, represents one of the more stable livelihoods in the region. Almost everyone in a border town makes money off the border, and pay for agents starts at more than $52,000 per year. “People in Nogales are exposed to Border Patrol,” Chacón says. “There are a few people who make jokes about it.” She considers that “part of the job.” Chacón says she empathizes with undocumented families crossing the border. Still, she says, “you can’t just let anyone come in. I do think there has to be some kind of immigration reform. Something needs to change.” Now a freshman studying political science at the University of Texas at El Paso, she sees the Explorer Program as a first step in a long career. “Border Patrol is an option,” she says, “but I don’t think it’ll be the first option. I’m thinking FBI or CIA.”
An Explorer participates in a search-and-stop exercise in Kingsville, Texas.Credit: Sarah Blesener
For the Nogales Explorers, the last day of training involves a 6-mile hike.Credit: Sarah Blesener
Nerisa Garcia uses a simulator to practice a shooting scenario.Credit: Sarah Blesener

Sarah Blesener is a documentary photographer based in New York City. Born in Minneapolis, Minnesota, she studied Linguistics and Youth Development at North Central University. While in college, she worked as a photographer for Healing Haiti based in Port au Prince, Haiti, covering events surrounding the 2010 earthquake. After graduation in 2012, she studied at Bookvar Russian Academy in Minneapolis, concentrating on the Russian language and later continued her studies at the Visual Journalism and Documentary Practice program at the International Center of Photography in New York. Her latest work revolves around youth movements and culture in Russia, Eastern Europe, and the United States. In 2017, she received funding to support her U.S. work on this project from the Alexia Foundation and from Catchlight, which selected her as a fellow embedded with Reveal from The Center for Investigative Reporting.