Ku Klux Klan members are escorted by police past a large group of protesters during a rally in 2017. Credit: Steve Helber/Associated Press

In this week’s roundup: the waning power of the KKK, the argument over whether a New Mexico school shooter was a racist finally seems settled, and a meme turns “Black Panther” hatred on its head.

In 2017, the number of active Ku Klux Klan chapters dropped by nearly 45 percent, from 130 in 2016 to 72 the following year, according to a new report from the Southern Poverty Law Center.

These figures provide hard data for a trend we’ve been hearing about anecdotally: the rapidly waning importance of the KKK within the white supremacist ecosystem. The Klan may have been the driving force in grass-roots American white supremacy since the 1860s, but the new wave of hate seems to have largely passed it by.

“The new alt-right type of white supremacist, the type of people who showed up at Charlottesville, are not interested in the KKK or its goofy look, crazy robes or secret handshakes,” said Heidi Beirich, the Southern Poverty Law Center’s Intelligence Project director. “The Klan is frankly being rejected in theses circles.”

The organizers of the Charlottesville, Virginia, rally explicitly planned to turn away any KKK members who showed up in full robe-and-hood regalia. It was part of a deliberate rebranding of white supremacy away from the signifiers of the KKK and toward something more modern, clean cut and seemingly respectable.  

Think about white supremacist figurehead Richard Spencer, who wears businesses suits, has multiple college degrees and runs a nonprofit think tank. Not exactly the KKK. Consider The Daily Stormer publisher Andrew Anglin, who traffics in tech-savvy, irony-drenched absurdism. Neither’s aesthetic is related to the popular conception of the KKK, even if their ideologies are rooted in the same racist traditions.

While it’s impossible to determine whether the decline of the KKK is directly feeding the rise of other white supremacist factions, the Southern Poverty Law Center’s report found that other parts of the hate universe grew substantially last year. For example, the number of active neo-Nazi groups swelled from 99 to 121 in 2017.

Beirich said the Southern Poverty Law Center classifies hate groups as active if they’ve done activities such as spreading fliers, holding meetings, burning crosses or putting out a newsletter in the calendar year. 

The center’s findings echo those of a report put out by the Anti-Defamation League in 2016 about the Klan. The report, called “Tattered Robes,” pointed out that, even in contrast with the rest of the far-right hate movement, Klan groups are marked by an especially high level of instability:

More than half of the currently active Klan groups were formed only in the last five years. This is not, as it may first seem, a sign of growth, but rather illustrates how short-lived today’s Ku Klux Klan groups actually tend to be.

While a few longstanding Klan groups still exist, they continue to fade away. Just a decade ago, Klan groups such as the White Camelia Knights, the Mississippi White Knights, and the Church of the National Knights exhibited consistent activity. Today, all three are mere shadows of their former selves.

Even so, at least one Klan leader insists his group’s fortunes are on the rise. Last year, Chris Barker, an imperial wizard of the Loyal White Knights of the KKK, told the Independent that the election of President Donald Trump has done wonders for his recruiting.

“I’ve been doing this for over 20 years, and I haven’t seen the Klan grow at the pace it’s growing now,” Barker said. “I mean, it’s even hard to keep track of the numbers you’ve got ’cause there’s so many coming in.”

However, as we cautioned last week, it’s important to treat anything said by a hate group leader, especially with regard to things such as membership numbers, with a degree of skepticism.

He is, he isn’t, he is alt-right

After the Southern Poverty Law Center included 21-year-old New Mexico killer William Atchison on its list of alt-right murderers earlier this month, authorities cried foul.

Brice Current, internal affairs captain for the San Juan County Sheriff’s Office, the agency overseeing the investigation, called the report an attempt to politicize the shootings.

“I don’t think this has anything to do with a political agenda,” Current told The Associated Press.

But as the Daily Beast reported earlier, there’s plenty of evidence linking Atchison with the movement. He spent a lot of time on white supremacy websites, posting racist comments and memes.

More evidence that Atchison was driven by hate emerged this week. His autopsy report noted that he had faint ink markings on his left leg, including a swastika and the letters “SS,” an abbreviation for an elite Nazi military unit. Atchison also had “build wall” written on his leg, an apparent reference to Trump’s campaign promise to build a border wall between Mexico and the United States.

Both of Atchison’s victims were Latino.   

Hate crime roundup: From dumb kids to baseball bats and life in prison

  • On Wednesday, Stanley Vernon Majors was sentenced to life in prison without parole in Oklahoma for killing his Lebanese neighbor. Majors was convicted earlier this month of killing 37-year-old Khalid Jabara in August 2016. Prosecutors said Majors subjected Jabara and his family to racist abuse for years before the fatal attack.
  • In Paradise Valley, Arizona, a group of high school kids reportedly is facing discipline after they lay down in the shape of a swastika, took a photo and shared it on Snapchat. The image went viral and the school is investigating.
  • Outside Chicago, a man has been charged with a hate crime after he attacked an African American mother and her son as they stood at a bus stop last week. Robert P. Morris, 54, allegedly called the woman and her son a racial slur and advanced toward them holding a knife. He then allegedly flipped a bench on which the 12-year-old boy was sitting, causing the boy to hit his head, the Chicago Sun-Times reported. Morris was denied bail.
  • A woman was arrested and booked last week under Washington state’s hate crime law for allegedly threatening two teens with a baseball bat and shouting racial slurs, The Seattle Times reported.   

‘This movie isn’t for you’

The movie “Black Panther” has received nearly universal praise from critics.

Most fans are similarly effusive, but alt-right trolls have attempted to sabotage the film by circulating hoaxes about black people assaulting whites during screenings. The goal, of course, is to convert an event that’s all about celebrating black achievement into something reinforcing the racist stereotype of omnipresent black violence.

However, as The Daily Dot reports, some internet jokesters have turned this racist fake news into a pretty solid meme mocking the obviously false stories by folding it into increasingly ridiculous scenarios:

I tried to see Black Panther but I was accosted by a gang of black youths, they said “this movie isn’t for you, whitey!” then pinned me down and carved “Go see Peter Rabbit instead” into my forehead. – @pixelatedboat 

I want to see Black Panther but when I tried a gang of black youths said “this movie isn’t for you” before rolling me up into a ball shape and dunking me through a nearby basketball hoop. – @Mr_Finn_McCool

I tried to see Black Panther but a teenager shouted “this movie’s not for you” and then a graffiti artist tagged me, then another guy covered me in clay and sold me at an art auction? I fetched $1700. – @MKupperman

Lulz.

Correction: An earlier version of this story misstated New Mexico school shooter William Atchison’s age. He was 21.

Sign up to get The Hate Report by email every Friday.

Have a hate incident to report? Tell us about it here, or contact The Hate Report team: Aaron Sankin can be reached at asankin@revealnews.org, and Will Carless can be reached at wcarless@revealnews.org. Follow them on Twitter: @asankin and @willcarless.

Aaron Sankin is a reporter for Reveal covering online extremism, election administration and technology policy. Before joining Reveal, he was a founding editor of The Huffington Post's San Francisco vertical and a senior staff writer on The Daily Dot's politics team. His work has appeared in The Washington Post, Salon, Time, The Motley Fool, Mashable, Business Insider, San Francisco magazine and The Onion. A San Francisco Bay Area native, Sankin studied history and sociology at Rice University. His work at The Daily Dot was a finalist in Digiday's 2015 publisher of the year award, and a story he wrote about a Midwestern family being terrorized by a teenage hacker was labeled by The Atlantic as an essential piece of journalism for 2015. Sankin is based in Seattle.

Will Carless was a correspondent for Reveal covering extremism. He has worked as a foreign correspondent in Asia and South America. Prior to joining Reveal, he was a senior correspondent for Public Radio International’s Global Post team based in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Before that, Will spent eight years at the Voice of San Diego, where he worked as an investigative reporter and head of investigations. During his tenure in San Diego, Will was awarded several prizes, including a national award from Investigative Reporters and Editors. He has been a finalist for the Livingston Awards for young journalists twice in the last five years. He surfs, spends time with his family, travels to silly places and pretends he’s writing a novel.