Immigrant advocates are notifying hundreds of families eligible for new asylum interviews as part of a deal agreed to by the Trump administration. So far, attorneys have identified 60 eligible parents and children still locked in a family detention center in Dilley, Texas, pictured here. Attorneys say there are likely more class members detained at the Karnes County Residential Center in South Texas. Credit: Eric Gay/Associated Press

Families separated by border officials earlier this year won a second chance to ask for asylum under an agreement reached in federal court last month, and a Justice Department lawyer said those interviews would get underway soon.

But lawyers for the families say the government has backed off that pledge and now plans to delay those asylum screenings until at least mid-November.

The families covered by the settlement include parents who failed their initial asylum screenings while they were separated from their children earlier this year and forced to make their case in the midst of extreme trauma.

As part of an agreement to close legal challenges from these families, the government agreed to grant them new interviews now that they’ve been reunited. Now it wants them to wait. For some, that means spending another month in detention.

Many of the families are free on bond, but at least 60 of the parents and children remain in detention after months. If they want a second chance at asylum, they’ll have to spend more weeks locked up, waiting for the government to act on a deal it agreed to in September.

When lawyers on both sides first presented the settlement, U.S. District Judge Dana Sabraw asked whether they’d be willing to act on the agreement right away. Justice Department attorney Scott Stewart said yes.

“Our point of view is we can get moving on this,” Stewart said. “The government is looking to make sure, wherever it can, to make things go swiftly.”

The settlement won’t be final until Sabraw signs off at a hearing set for Nov. 15 in San Diego. But he told the lawyers not to wait until then to start the new asylum interviews.

“We ought to start that right away,” Sabraw said.

But the families’ lawyers recently told the court the Justice Department had reneged.

According to an emergency motion filed Wednesday, Stewart wrote in an email “that the government will not move forward with implementing the settlement” until the deal is finished. In other words, the Trump administration has decided to delay the new screenings for at least another month until the deal is finalized.

“It’s very surprising that they want to wait,” said Sirine Shebaya, a senior staff attorney for Muslim Advocates who represents parents in the case. “This is not a class-action that involves monetary damages or any of the things that usually create complications.”

Justin Bernick, another attorney for the families with the law firm Hogan Lovells, told Reveal on Friday that the news was “mind-blowing.”

“Normally when a lawyer makes a representation in open court to a judge, you can rely on it,” Bernick said.

In exchange for the new asylum interviews and some other concessions from the government, families covered by the settlement would not be able to file any further claims against the government over its family separation policy earlier this year.

According to Bernick, who read a portion of the email over the phone, Stewart was concerned that families would get their new asylum interviews before the government could be sure it wouldn’t face any more suits.

“The government has identified a reasonable concern” that families could enjoy the benefits of the agreement now, Stewart wrote, but “the government will not have certainty that it will get the corresponding benefit of the final resolution of class members’ claims.”

“That really caught us off guard,” Bernick said, “and it’s a huge problem because these parents and children have been in detention for months and months.”

The Trump administration announced an end to its widespread family separation policy in June, and is now considering forcing families to choose between waiting out their immigration cases in detention together, or allowing the government to hold their children in a shelter before placing them with another relative.

The Justice Department has not responded to a request for comment. Sabraw has given the government until Monday to respond to the motion.

Immigrant advocates and legal groups are already notifying hundreds of families who are eligible for the new interviews, collecting their signatures on settlement notices. So far, they’ve identified 60 eligible parents and children who are still locked in a family detention center in Dilley, Texas. Bernick said there are likely more class members detained at the Karnes County Residential Center in South Texas.

Already, according to the Wednesday court filing, dozens of families in detention have agreed to return to their home countries rather than remain locked up any longer.

“I think that the government detains people in this way as a way to prevent them from their exercising their rights, as a global matter,” Shebaya said.

If the government starts acting on the settlement Nov. 15, detained families could be forced to wait weeks longer for a new meeting with an asylum officer.

“The process does take some time, so our expectation would have been that the government is immediately moving to put this into place,” she said.

“This population is particularly distrustful of the government,” Bernick said. “They really have no idea what’s happening, so we’re concerned about the coercive effect this could have on leading people in detention to give up their asylum rights and seek removal.”

Patrick Michels can be reached at Follow him on Twitter: @PatrickMichels.

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Patrick Michels is a former reporter for Reveal, covering immigration. His coverage focused on immigration courts and legal access, privatization in immigration enforcement, and the government's care for unaccompanied children. He contributed to Reveal's award-winning project on indigenous land rights disputes created by oil pipelines. Previously, he was a staff writer at the Texas Observer, where his work included an investigation into corruption at the Department of Homeland Security and how the state's broken guardianship system allowed elder abuse to go unchecked. Michels was a Livingston Award finalist for his investigation into the deadly armored car industry. He has a bachelor's degree in journalism from Northwestern University and a master's degree in photojournalism from the University of Texas at Austin, where his work focused on government contractors grappling with trauma and injuries from their time in Iraq.