The Teachers Group's complex in Mexico is a sprawling, marble-floored combination of Disney World, Club Med and the Taj Mahal. In 2012, the organization released documents suggesting it valued the compound at about $26 million. Credit: Courtesy of Enrique Botello

Two federal investigations have been launched into a charity group accused of misusing U.S. government funds, according to documents newly released under the Freedom of Information Act.

U.S. officials also traveled to London to meet with their counterparts there who have cut funding to the group, operating under various names including Planet Aid and Development Aid from People to People. But the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Foreign Agricultural Service ultimately determined it had “distinctly different procurement regulations” from Britain that preclude stopping the flow of $31.6 million in U.S. grants set to be paid out in installments through 2020, according to an internal memo.

“Our general counsel has reviewed the termination clauses in our agreements and found no basis under which to terminate a (Planet Aid Inc.) agreement,” the memo said. “Our procurement regulations do not allow us to cease agreements based on other entities’ choices.”

Reveal from The Center for Investigative Reporting previously reported that the Foreign Agricultural Service has allocated $133 million to Planet Aid since 2004 for relief projects in southern Africa. When Reveal visited USDA projects in Malawi in 2015, however, farmers still were impoverished, and project staff said the money had been misused.

After Reveal broadcast its story in March 2016, U.S. Rep. Betty McCollum, D-Minn., demanded an inspector general’s inquiry into the fraud allegations. In a memo prepared for a Dec. 14 meeting with McCollum – among the documents released under the Freedom of Information Act – the USDA noted that that investigation was underway alongside one by the U.S. Department of Justice.

According to earlier FBI memos, court records and other documents, Planet Aid is run as part of the Teachers Group – also known as Tvind – a secretive organization launched by Mogens Amdi Petersen in the 1970s. Petersen currently is an Interpol fugitive wanted by Denmark on charges that he set up fake charities in a scheme to skim and launder Danish government grants.

Denmark continues to pursue those charges. Last year, Prime Minister Lars Løkke Rasmussen urged Mexican President Enrique Peña Nieto during a state visit to extradite Petersen. Petersen had been spotted by a Danish television crew at a lavish hideaway he and his followers built on the Baja California coast. He has not been extradited.

Britain was funding a Planet Aid subcontractor in Malawi with 5.6 million pounds until the BBC, in collaboration with Reveal, made the connection to the Teachers Group – which previously had been cut off from U.K. funds. After that broadcast, Britain’s Department for International Development halted the funding and sent an investigator to Malawi.

And in January, Brazil’s federal attorney general opened a criminal investigation targeting a related Geneva organization identified in Reveal and USDA reports, alleging a money-laundering scheme involving interlinked charities.

Matt Smith can be reached at msmith@revealnews.org. Follow him on Twitter: @SFMattSmith.

Matt Smith is a reporter for Reveal, covering religion. Smith's two-decade career in journalism began at The Sacramento Union in California. He went on to positions at newspapers in Albuquerque, New Mexico; Twin Falls, Idaho; Fairfield, California; and Newport News, Virginia. Between 1994 and 1997, Smith covered Latin America as a reporter in Dow Jones & Co.'s Mexico City bureau. For 14 years, he was a lead columnist at Village Voice Media in San Francisco. He came to Reveal from The Bay Citizen. Smith holds a master's degree from the Columbia University Graduate School of Journalism and a bachelor’s degree in political science from Reed College in Portland, Oregon. Before his career in journalism, Smith was a professional bicycle racer. He is based in Reveal's Emeryville, California, office.