When security guard Teng Xiong shot a Stockton, California, teen in the jaw several years ago, he expected someone would hold him accountable. He thought police would arrest him. He was traumatized. He reported himself to state regulators.
But regulators never talked to Xiong. Instead, the Bureau of Security and Investigative Services, the agency that licenses armed guards in California, filed the report away and let him keep his firearm permit. He continued to work as a guard.
This sort of indifference in California, which boasts the largest population of armed security guards in the country, may finally come to an end with reforms signed into law today by Gov. Jerry Brown.
Sponsored by state Sen. Jerry Hill, D-San Mateo, the bill was spurred by an investigation by Reveal from The Center for Investigative Reporting that found regulators in California and many other states frequently license armed guards who are poorly trained, mentally unstable and prone to violence. Even after receiving a shooting report, many state regulators failed to take action unless the guards were convicted of crimes.
We found California regulators failed to investigate security guard shootings, permitted guards who used excessive force to keep their gun permits and allowed fraudulent companies to keep their licenses.
“Someone carrying a gun is a very serious act,” Hill said. “What we had in place before was not adequate to protect the public. We needed to really put some teeth behind the regulations, so that we know the type of training they’re getting, that they are trained to use their weapons, and that they are mentally prepared to carry those weapons, and to use them.”
Armed guards should “be appropriately tested, examined and investigated in a way that makes sure the public is protected from them,” he said. “That to me is what the governor recognized.”
The new law makes California’s oversight over the booming guard industry one of the strongest in the country. Among a raft of changes, it requires state regulators to take action against an armed guard if he or she is found to be mentally unstable, violent or a threat to public safety. Previously, regulators only took action upon a criminal conviction.
It also requires armed security guards to pass a mental-health evaluation – a standard for police officers across the country – if they want to carry a gun on the job.
Under the law, regulators are now able to take immediate action against armed guards if someone reports unstable or threatening behavior. Both security companies and security guards are now required to report the firing of a gun to the state, and face increased penalties if they don’t. And it requires state regulators to inspect firearm-training facilities.