Reporters for Reveal from The Center for Investigative Reporting examine the history of a $10 million real estate transaction in Beverly Hills, California. Credit: Mansion photo by Stuart Palley for Reveal, photo illustration by Michael Schiller/Reveal

In 2008, a small-time scam artist transferred a Beverly Hills, California, mansion to Donald Trump for $0. Reveal reporters Lance Williams and Matt Smith tried to figure out why. The people involved in the deal say it was all a mistake. Real estate experts have never seen anything like it. Join us for a stranger-than-fiction tale on this special Reveal podcast.

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  • Read: A small-time scam artist gave Trump a mansion for $0. Why?


Our lead producer for this story was Sukey Lewis. Cheryl Devall and Andy Donohue edited this story.

Reported by Matt Smith and Lance Williams.

Original score and sound design by Jim Briggs and Fernando Arruda.

Support for Reveal is provided by the Reva and David Logan Foundation, the Ford Foundation, the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, The John S. And James L. Knight Foundation, the Heising-Simons Foundation and the Ethics and Excellence in Journalism Foundation.

Reveal is a co-production of The Center for Investigative Reporting and PRX.


Reveal transcripts are produced by a third-party transcription service and may contain errors. Please be aware that the official record for Reveal’s radio stories is the audio.

Al Letson:From the Center for Investigative Reporting and PRX, this is Reveal. I’m Al Letson. Lance Williams is a reporter at Reveal. One day last year he was just minding his business out of the office when he got an intriguing tip.
Lance Williams:I was having lunch at a restaurant and at the next table was a guy I knew from California politics. He said, “He knew a guy who knew about a really unusual real estate deal down in Beverly Hills involving the future President. Did I want to know about it?”
Al Letson:Can I just say that that is like the most gumshoe hardcore news reporter story I’ve heard in a while?
Lance Williams:Well-
Al Letson:You’re like classic.
Lance Williams:You never know where a story is going to come from and sometimes it’s just you happen to be at a place and see a guy.
Al Letson:It’s the kind of tip you just have to follow.
Lance Williams:He put us together and away we went.
Al Letson:Lance and his reporting partner, Matt Smith, started reviewing public documents. What they showed was that in 2008, future President Donald Trump, got a $10 million mansion in Beverly Hills for nothing. Then, he turned it around and sold it for 9.5 million a year later. I’m here with Lance and Matt to talk about what they found and what people close to the deal say went down.
Let’s kind of set the scene and go back a little bit. 2007-2008, who is Donald Trump at this time? Because he’s not a political candidate at this point. He’s just Donald Trump the businessman, right?
Lance Williams:Well, he’s the star of the Apprentice, which had been a huge hit when it began in the early 2000s. By 2007, the ratings were slumping and they decided to move it to L.A. hoping to get a boost. He was out here with his wife and new son living up on Mulholland Drive and he became kind of a man about town. He even got his star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame holding his little boy in his arms.
Donald Trump:That’s Barron. He’s strong, he’s smart, he’s tough, he’s vicious, he’s violent. All of the ingredients you need to be an entrepreneur. Most importantly, hopefully he’s smart, because smart is really the ingredient. Barron, good luck.
Al Letson:He’s vicious. I’ve never described my 10 month old … Yeah, okay. He’s in L.A. and knowing Donald Trump as we do, I imagine he’s spending a lot of time in the Beverly Hills area.
Lance Williams:Well, he bought a mansion there in 2007 and he spent time at the Beverly Hills Hotel across the street. We know that Stormy Daniels, the exotic film star says that’s where their liaison took place.
Al Letson:Matt, this property that we’re looking at, that we’re concerned about, is right across the street from that hotel in Beverly Hills, so this is a really upscale piece of land, right?
Matt Smith:Yeah, 100 yards exactly away from his favorite hotel. It’s a big enough deal, this house is, that you can find videos on the internet. Beverly Hills, so it’s palm trees-
Al Letson:Wow.
Matt Smith:Wide streets, and the house is actually big for the area. Big white house, you can fit a mega church inside it probably.
Al Letson:This thing is huge.
Matt Smith:Swimming pool, it’s own tennis court that you could land a helicopter on. Inside is this sort of white 1980s make everything you can out of marble kind of sensibility. Everything white with sort of King Louie or Versailles-type touches, chandeliers.
Al Letson:Okay, so we’ve got this beautiful $10 million house. Donald Trump owns it, so what’s the problem? Why are we looking at it? Because I imagine Donald Trump has big beautiful houses like this all over the country.
Matt Smith:Real estate deals can be complex, but this one was complex in ways that people we talk to have never ever seen.
Al Letson:Tell me how this deal gets started. Who owns this property and who’d they sell it to?
Lance Williams:Sure. It’s Beverly Hills, so the house has a great pedigree. For a long time it was owned by the family of the dictator of Gabon, Omar Bongo. He sold it in … Or that family sold it in ’07 to Leonard and Selma [Fish 00:04:19]. They are millionaire real estate investors and also big time Republican political donors. They spent the night at the White House when George W. was there. They bought it, held it for a year, never lived in it, but had some parties there, and then moved to flip it.


Al Letson:They put it on the market and Donald Trump gets it?


Lance Williams:Yes, but not very directly at all. In the summer of 2008, the Fish’s file a deed saying that they’ve sold the place to a guy called [Mocalus Gergus 00:04:53], an Egyptian pastor of a little tiny Baptist church. A man who makes $48,000 a year, an unlikely buyer for sure, and six weeks later Mr. Gergus flips it to a Trump shell corporation for no money. That’s what the documents show.


Al Letson:The future President gets a big mansion for free, then what does he do with it?


Lance Williams:He flips it, like on reality TV.


Al Letson:All this seems really, I don’t know, out of the ordinary. People involved with this deal, what do they have to say?


Lance Williams:We got the idea that this wasn’t their favorite topic. We reached out to [Igor Korbatov 00:05:31], the seller’s lawyer. We got no response until we went to the Beverly Hills School Board and spoke to his wife, who is President of the Board of Education, and the seller’s daughter. After that, Mr. Korbatov said, “Gergus had been a prospective buyer, but the deal for the mansion fell through.” Months later, when Trump bought the house, “The wrong deed was filed by mistake,” he said. “Human error happens all the time,” he said. Unfortunately, Mr. Korbatov ignored important questions.


How was the mistake discovered? How did Gergus, who had little money and a history of foreclosures and lawsuits, qualify to buy a $10 million home? How in the world was he persuaded to give up title to the mansion once his name was on the recorded deed? Now, a spokesman for First American Title Insurance said, “The company was to blame for the mistake,” but he declined to answer questions. We interviewed a former escrow officer who worked on the deal, but couldn’t remember it. She said, “She would never have approved filing the deed unless she had seen a sale’s contract with Gergus’ name on it and only after the money had been received.”


Al Letson:There are some big red flags here. Let’s take the first one, who’s this Gergus guy?


Matt Smith:Mocalus Gergus is an Egyptian national who touts himself online as a major Middle East pop star. We couldn’t find any good evidence of that. Has touted himself to parishioners at his small church he preached at as a major businessman on the side. That didn’t seem to be true either.


Al Letson:The Trump organization declined to comment for this story, but how did the other people that are a part of this story, how did they respond to it?


Lance Williams:Well, Igor Korbatov is the son-in-law and the attorney for the Fish’s. Over a period of a couple of months, he sent us several emails. The gisting was that they had prepared a deed to grant the place to Mocalus because he was a potential buyer, but that deal fell through, and so at closing to the Trump organization somebody pulled out this old signed deed and recorded that by mistake.


Al Letson:Okay, so I’ve bought a house before and when you buy a close, you go down to the title deed office, you sign all these papers, checks are exchanged, all that type of stuff. How do you make that kind of mistake? Because, I mean, there are people there that are paid to make sure that those type of mistakes don’t happen.


Lance Williams:Sure thing. There are attorneys, agents for buyer and seller, a notary, and everybody’s there, and everybody’s getting paid good money to make sure, number one, that the buyer gets the house. In this case, the sellers and the title company both say, “Geez, we just accidentally filed the wrong deed.”


Al Letson:Is that a possible explanation?


Lance Williams:Well, no. The lawyers we talked to, and some of them I talked to four and five times, they got sick of me calling up. They were laughing at me in the phone when I was saying, “Well, how could this have happened?”


Matt Smith:What we spent a good deal of time trying to figure out is how could you possibly make a mistake that gave away a massive mansion?


Al Letson:What’s another possible explanation for this weird deal that really doesn’t make any sense any which way you look at it?


Matt Smith:Well, the thing that just weighed on us more and more with passing months was the illusiveness of an explanation. If you have on implausible aspect of a deal, in this case, Mocalus Gergus walking through the door and having a deed written up in his name and filed, well, that’s hard to believe. One in a million mistakes happen all over the world all the time, why did it take six weeks to correct it? We’re not G-man, we can’t get into wire transfers. We weren’t able to get into the head of Mocalus Gergus. We just simply don’t know what happened.


Lance Williams:We talked to many experts to try and figure this out. One was Ross Delston, a lawyer who consults with the International Monetary Fund on Financial Crimes. He said, “He couldn’t make sense of the deal from the available information, but he thought it merits scrutiny.”


Ross Delston:Lots of oddities, lots of unusual things here, and enough to get any law enforcement investigation or prosecutor quite excited about all of the anomalies that are found in this set of transactions.


Al Letson:Tell me, what’s going on with the property now? Does Donald J. Trump still own it?


Lance Williams:No, he only held it for about 11 months and then flipped it, selling it for $9.5 million. By then, the market was in decline because of the economic crisis. Of course, the previous year’s reported sale price was around 10, so that’s a paper loss anyway.


Al Letson:What was it like to report on the story?


Lance Williams:Well, it was hard slogging. We took it as far as we could.


Al Letson:What is the broader significance of the story? I mean, what does it tell us about the man who is the President of the United States? Matt?


Matt Smith:Many of the stories coming out over the course of the past year and a half about Donald Trump’s finances, stories like that in the New Yorker, certainly in the Washington Post, certainly in the New York Times about India, the Middle East, eastern Europe. This real estate deal doesn’t seem right. Now we have one in the United States and we’re trying to unpack it.


Lance Williams:It’s one more exotic weird deal in his background. It helps inform you about who he is and where he came from.


Al Letson:We don’t have all the answers yet on this deal. We do have more details in Lance and Matt’s story on our website, If you know anything that can help them uncover more, get in touch with the reporters through our website, or leak to us securely at


Our lead producer for this podcast is Sukey Lewis. Cheryl Duval and Andy Donahue share the editing honors. Our production manager is Mwende Hinojosa. Our sound design team is the dynamic duo J. Breezy, Mr. Jim Briggs and Fernando, my man, yo, Aruda. They had help this week from the Catwoman Squad, Catherine Raymondo and Cat Shugnit. Our acting CEO is Christa Scharfenberg. Amy Pyle is our Editor in Chief. Our Executive Producer is Kevin Sullivan. Our theme music is by Comarado Lightning. Support for Reveal is provided by the Reva and David Logan Foundation, the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, the Jonathan Logan Family Foundation, the Ford Foundation, the Heising Simons Foundation, and the Ethics and Excellence in Journalism Foundation. Reveal is a co-production of the Center for Investigative Reporting and PRX. I’m Al Letson, and remember, there is always more to the story.


Byard Duncan was a reporter and producer for  engagement and collaborations for Reveal. He managed Reveal’s Reporting Networks, which provide more than 1,000 local journalists across the U.S. with resources and training to continue Reveal investigations in their communities. He also helped lead audience engagement initiatives around Reveal’s stories and assists local reporters in elevating their work to a national platform. In addition to Reveal, Duncan’s work has appeared in GQ, Esquire, The California Sunday Magazine and Columbia Journalism Review, among other outlets. He was part of Reveal’s Behind the Smiles project team, which was named a Pulitzer Prize finalist in 2019. He is the recipient of two Edward R. Murrow Awards, a National Headliner Award, an Al Neuharth Innovation in Investigative Journalism Award, and two first-place awards for feature storytelling from the Society of Professional Journalists and Best of the West. Duncan is based in Reveal's Emeryville, California, office.

Deborah George is the senior radio editor for Reveal. She's also a contributing editor with the ""Radio Diaries"" series on NPR's ""All Things Considered."" George has worked in the U.S., Asia, Africa and Latin America, covering stories ranging from the Los Angeles riots to the Rwandan genocide. She's a two-time recipient of the George Foster Peabody Award and a six-time recipient of the Alfred I. duPont-Columbia Award (five silver batons and one gold baton).

Amy Walters is a reporter and producer for Reveal. She began her career as a broadcast journalist in the Middle East. In 2000, she moved to Washington, D.C., to work for NPR’s flagship shows, "Morning Edition" and "All Things Considered." A Southern Californian native, Walters returned to the Golden State as a field producer for NPR in 2003. Her work was honored with the Edward R. Murrow Award for investigative reporting, the Alfred I. DuPont-Columbia University Award, two Peabody Awards and two Robert F. Kennedy Awards. Throughout her career, Walters has continued to cover the world, including the U.S. war with Iraq in 2004, the 2010 earthquake in Haiti, the 2011 Arab Spring in Egypt and Libya, and the U.S. war with Afghanistan. She also has reported from Ethiopia, Kenya and Iran. In 2014, Walters was based in Doha, Qatar, as a producer for Al Jazeera English before returning to the United States. Walters is based in Reveal's Emeryville, California, office.

Cheryl Devall is a senior radio editor at Reveal. She is a native Californian with Louisiana roots from which storytelling runs deep. As an editor and correspondent, she's worked for the Daily World in Opelousas, Louisiana (the birthplace of zydeco music); Southern California Public Radio; National Public Radio; “Marketplace;” The Mercury News in San Jose, California; and the Chicago Tribune. Devall has shared in three Alfred I. duPont-Columbia University Awards for coverage of AIDS and black America, the 1992 Los Angeles riots and North Carolina 40 years after the federal war on poverty. She's based in Reveal's Emeryville, California, office.

Andy Donohue was the executive editor for projects for Reveal. He edited Reveal’s investigations into the treatment of migrant children in government care, Amazon’s labor practices, rehab work camps and sexual abuse in the janitorial industry. He was on teams that have twice been Pulitzer Prize finalists and won Investigative Reporters and Editors, Edward R. Murrow, Online News Association, Third Coast International Audio Festival, Gerald Loeb, Sidney Hillman Foundation and Emmy awards. He previously helped build and lead Voice of San Diego, served on the IRE board for eight years and is an alumnus of the John S. Knight Journalism Fellowship at Stanford University.

Matt Smith is a reporter for Reveal, covering religion. Smith's two-decade career in journalism began at The Sacramento Union in California. He went on to positions at newspapers in Albuquerque, New Mexico; Twin Falls, Idaho; Fairfield, California; and Newport News, Virginia. Between 1994 and 1997, Smith covered Latin America as a reporter in Dow Jones & Co.'s Mexico City bureau. For 14 years, he was a lead columnist at Village Voice Media in San Francisco. He came to Reveal from The Bay Citizen. Smith holds a master's degree from the Columbia University Graduate School of Journalism and a bachelor’s degree in political science from Reed College in Portland, Oregon. Before his career in journalism, Smith was a professional bicycle racer. He is based in Reveal's Emeryville, California, office.

Lance Williams is a former senior reporter for Reveal, focusing on money and politics. He has twice won journalism’s George Polk Award – for medical reporting while at The Center for Investigative Reporting, and for coverage of the BALCO sports steroid scandal while at the San Francisco Chronicle. With partner Mark Fainaru-Wada, Williams wrote the national bestseller “Game of Shadows: Barry Bonds, BALCO, and the Steroids Scandal that Rocked Professional Sports.” In 2006, the reporting duo was held in contempt of court and threatened with 18 months in federal prison for refusing to testify about their confidential sources on the BALCO investigation. The subpoenas were later withdrawn. Williams’ reporting also has been honored with the White House Correspondents’ Association’s Edgar A. Poe Award; the Gerald Loeb Award for financial reporting; and the Scripps Howard Foundation’s Award for Distinguished Service to the First Amendment. He graduated from Brown University and UC Berkeley. He also worked at the San Francisco Examiner, the Oakland Tribune and the Daily Review in Hayward, California.

Jim Briggs III is the senior sound designer, engineer and composer for Reveal. He supervises post-production and composes original music for the public radio show and podcast. He also leads Reveal's efforts in composition for data sonification and live performances.

Prior to joining Reveal in 2014, Briggs mixed and recorded for clients such as WNYC Studios, NPR, the CBC and American Public Media. Credits include “Marketplace,” “Selected Shorts,” “Death, Sex & Money,” “The Longest Shortest Time,” NPR’s “Ask Me Another,” “Radiolab,” “Freakonomics Radio” and “Soundcheck.” He also was the sound re-recording mixer and sound editor for several PBS television documentaries, including “American Experience: Walt Whitman,” the 2012 Tea Party documentary "Town Hall" and “The Supreme Court” miniseries. His music credits include albums by R.E.M., Paul Simon and Kelly Clarkson.

Briggs' work with Reveal has been recognized with an Emmy Award (2016) and two Alfred I. duPont-Columbia University Awards (2018, 2019). Previously, he was part of the team that won the Dart Award for Excellence in Coverage of Trauma for its work on WNYC’s hourlong documentary special “Living 9/11.” He has taught sound, radio and music production at The New School and Eugene Lang College and has a master's degree in media studies from The New School. Briggs is based in Reveal's Emeryville, California, office.

Fernando Arruda is a sound designer, engineer and composer for Reveal. As a multi-instrumentalist, he contributes to the original music, editing and mixing of the weekly public radio show and podcast. He has held four O-1 visas for individuals with extraordinary abilities. His work has been recognized with Peabody, duPont-Columbia, Edward R. Murrow, Gerald Loeb, Third Coast and Association of Music Producers awards, as well as Emmy and Pulitzer nominations. Prior to joining Reveal, Arruda toured as an international DJ and taught music technology at Dubspot and ESRA International Film School. He worked at Antfood, a creative audio studio for media and TV ads, and co-founded a film-scoring boutique called the Manhattan Composers Collective. He worked with clients such as Marvel, MasterClass and Samsung and ad agencies such as Framestore, Trollbäck+Company, BUCK and Vice. Arruda releases experimental music under the alias FJAZZ and has performed with many jazz, classical and pop ensembles, such as SFJAZZ Monday Night Band, Art&Sax quartet, Krychek, Dark Inc. and the New York Arabic Orchestra. His credits in the podcast and radio world include NPR’s “51 Percent,” WNYC’s “Bad Feminist Happy Hour” and its live broadcast of Orson Welles’ “The Hitchhiker,” Wondery’s “Detective Trapp,” MSNBC’s “Why Is This Happening?” and NBC’s “Born to Rule,” to name a few. Arruda also has a wide catalog of composed music for theatrical, orchestral and chamber music formats, some of which has premiered worldwide. He holds a master’s degree in film scoring and composition from NYU Steinhardt. The original music he makes with Jim Briggs for Reveal can be found on Bandcamp.

Mwende Hinojosa is a former production manager for Reveal. Prior to joining Reveal, she was the training strategist and innovation manager for the Bay Area Video Coalition, a nonprofit media arts center in San Francisco. At BAVC, she provided resources and support to students training in video, motion graphics, web and graphic design and managed a community for creative freelancers called Gig Union. She has produced segments for public radio stations KUSP, KQED, KALW and KUOW; videos and short documentaries for nonprofits; interactive panel discussions; and immersive storytelling experiences for tech companies. .